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The Meteorological Society recommended to the Governor for the establishment of a central observatory for hourly or two-hourly observations day and night together with a number of subsidiary observations at Rodrigues, St. Brandon, Agalega, Diego Garcia and Seychelles. He reports the population of the island was men, 45 women, and 46 children , of whom 20 are Europeans.
The Main House and several other of the main buildings at the plantation at East Point are constructed. James Spurs, 'an enlighened, despotic but benevolent man', becomes manager of the plantation at East Point a position he holds until He establishes very strict regulations concerning alcohol consumption, and forbids killing sea birds, sea turtles, or coconut crabs. An outbreak of cholera hits the plantation at Point Marianne, but there are no deaths.
Patients are treated in the hospital there, which is made from the deck house of the ship SHANNON , which had wrecked there several years before. Parkenham Brooks, the first colonial official to visit since , fined the Manager of the East Point Plantation, James Spurs, for imprisoning three 'labourers' without sufficient cause.
He also fined an under-manager at Point Marianne for striking a labourer. Janvier, a 'Malagash' someone from Madigascar Voodoo Witch Doctor, is charged with killing a woman giving birth to twins, and the twins, and is sent to Mauritius for trial, where he is found not guilty.
A Roman Catholic Priest visits the island, and then leaves it to the heathens. Or perhaps he recognized the prior claim made on the islanders' souls by the Anglicans. This one is about when "divers were REAL men. Lambert was a legend in his time, among other things he was the first to use "rebreathing" gear.
The following is part of a short newspaper 'filler' article that was published in the U. He had been sent to the island of Diego Garcia to fbr copper sheets on a coal bunk that had been fouled by a steamer, and was annoyed during his operations by the same shark for nearly a week.
One day Lambert signaled to his I attendants for a big sheath knife and a looped rope. The diver brought home the shark's back- as a trophy. Eventually, it moves its operations to Middle and East Islands.
James Spurs goes to work for the Orient and Pacific, and a M. LeConte takes the job of manager at East Point. Inhabitants are shocked to hear loud booming noises. The noise is from the explosion of the volcano Krakatoa near Java, over 1, miles to the east.
When the sonic wave reaches Rodrigues island, miles west of Diego, the Police Chief reports hearing 'heavy gunfire to the east. However, so many of the laborers of the Orient Company were absent and refused to do extra work even with pay.
James Spurs had to hire colliers from the rival Lund and Company. The plantations of the islands in the Chagos Archipelago combine into one company called the 'Societe Huiliere de Diego et Peros'.
The effect on Diego Garcia was to close the estate headquarters at Minni Minni and combine that plantation with the one at East Point. Point Marianne remained as a separate community headed by a sub-manager. Laborers at the East Point Plantation, armed with knives and clubs, stage an insurrection, which is put down by the M. LeConte by brandishing his revolver.
LeComte blames the 45 men working for Lund and Company for the troubles, since they are "without any women". Lucas, one of the trailblazers of phycology, spends two days paddling around the lagoon observing the seaweeds during coaling of the SS CUZCO. He gets so engrossed, that the ship's manager and Lucas' wife have to paddle out and haul him back to the ship just in time to sail away to Australia.
Fluent in English, French, and German, Lucas later taught himself to read Russian, primarily to understand some papers about lizards written in that language. A life-long scientist and teacher, he authored the seminal 2-volume work "The Seaweeds of South Australia. A ship carrying Japanese Moslem pilgrims destined for Mecca the Haj pilgrimage stops off at Eclipse Point, where they get out and wander around for a while.
A child died the next day from that disease, but Mr. LeConte refused to allow it to be buried ashore for fear that the disease would spread on the island. He sobers up two days later, and sails away. No one else in the history of Diego Garcia ever got quite that drunk. Except maybe one or two people once or twice. Another Roman Catholic Priest visits the island, and leaves. Vereker, carries out a detailed survey of the lagoon.
Rambler Bay, on the northeast side of the lagoon is named for this ship. This is the first thorough hydrographic survey of the northern lagoon, and along with Moresby's more general survey of the southern lagoon, remains the basis of the charts today. Butler is appointed Constable Sergeant, and arrives with six Constables to establish law and order, primarily to prevent a recurrance of Captain Raymondesque shennannigans.
Louis Fidele is imprisoned for practicing witchcraft in the cemetary at East Point. This witchcraft was intended to ensure that the ghosts would not rise up to haunt the living, which was a very real fear of the workers on the island.
Bourne spends four months on the island studying geology and the bird and plant life. Bourne later teaches as Oxford, and lectures on his discoveries. The coaling stations on the island close, their rowdy employees depart, and steamships stop stopping.
No longer needed to police the wild crowds of imported Somalis, Indians and Chinese manning the stations, Mister Butler and his Constables are withdrawn, and no other police force was set up for the next 85 years. The island is left to the workers and European overseers of the plantations. The first church is built at the East Point Plantation.
The process of drying coconut meat to make copra is introduced, and the production of oil for export ceases. Instead the copra is shipped to Mauritius for processing into oil. Stanley Gardiner, studies the island's geomorphology, and the marine and land plants and animals. The Expedition was investigating the biological relationships between the Seychelles, Mascarenes and Chagos groups and tried to find evidence for former land connections between the islands.
The discoveries of this expedition established that the granitic Seychelles islands are continental fragments of Gondwana, isolated from India and Madagascar 65 million years ago while the other islands are volcanic in origin, and that the Seychelles had an 'archaic' fauna, while the Mascarenes, Amirantes, Aldabra and Chagos Island groups have similar 'immigrant' taxa that traveled to the islands on the predominant marine currents.
Doctor Powell arrives as head of a medical mission. He finds, literally, shitty sanitation conditions regarding latrines, and that safe water supply practices are ignored by 'both labor and management' and that they better clean up their act. He also proposes that the islanders be forbidden to take wine away from the village shop, and that they be required to drink it in the bar.
He blames much of the island's crime and disease on the quality of the wine. The crew also fixed the plantation manager's motor launch, and was paid with a pig, fresh fish, and some fruit. Here is a first-hand account of her visit written by her executive officer: In May , Mr. Henry Bigara died shortly after a person named Fidelia had committed suicide. He had many friends in Mauritius and the local press supported him.
In addition there were rumors of jury tampering. He died shortly thereafter. The Chapel at East Point is constructed, the previous one built in having been crushed by a falling palm tree. He was especially offended by the continuing practice of witchcraft in the cemetaries, especially 'orgies, lascivious dancing, immoral getups, and revolting acts committed on the corpses. She services the island until They hid in the jungle for some days, eventually being discovered by some plantation workers, and turned over to the plantation manager.
Just in time for WWII. It then returned to California, whence it had departed a year or so earlier. World War II intervened before this service could be inagurated. The British set up a Convoy Route dubbed "X. The route is used throughout World War II.
On charter from Singapore Straits Steamship Company, she was still crewed by the civilian crew, with a small detachment of RAF personnel aboard. In charge of the installation is Scotsman Captain J. When relieved, they sailed for the Seychelles to install other, well, installations.
Their quarters were at a village called "Noroit" on the northwest corner of the island - approximately where the GPS Site is today. Forsberg provides this alternative regarding the guns: The guns had a range of approximately 14, yards with a nominal muzzle velocity of 2, feet per second. There were 99 feet and a A Vickers clock and naval Dumaresq were used for fire control. His references certainly appear to be more accurate than mine!
The road ran along the lagoon shore-line, and included concrete bridges over the barachois at the South end of the lagoon. After her visit to DG, she cruises to Penang, and then back to Japan. The British set up a Convoy Route dubbed "C. It is the reciprocal of X. Although at least four rafts with at least 16 men of the man crew survived the sinking, only two men, Thakar Miah and Mohamed Aftab, survived to reach shore in Malaysia four and a half months later.
They were captured by the Japanese but survived the war. She was carrying 5, tons of ammunition and blew up after being struck by a single torpedo with the loss of all 69 crewmen and six passengers. During her service escorting convoys from , not one ship in any convoy was lost to submarines, which was quite a feat in those days. Here's why the Catalinas were on Diego Garcia. There were passengers and crew on board, and 79 are lost and the I-8 took 1 crewmember and 10 passengers prisoner.
The I-8 surfaces, shells the lifeboats, and takes 99 survivors aboard, where Captain Commander, posthumously Rear Admiral Ariizumi has them searched, bound and questioned. Then, in a three-hour massacre, most of the survivors are beaten, stabbed, or shot. Some are made to run a gauntlet of crewmen with knives and pipes. When the I-8's radar picks up an aircraft, Ariizumi submerges and leaves the bound Americans on deck to drown, but some of the survivors, return to the sinking NICOLET and launch rafts.
This isn't the first time Ariizumi killed prisoners. He had the crew kill them on the I-8's deck with swords and by clubbing them with wrenches, and ordered machine-gunners to fire on any survivors who leap overboard.
The I-8 was also famous for making a trip to Brest France in Ariizumi was promoted and reassigned in late The Japanese claim he shot himself after Japan's surrender, but his body was never seen be the allies.
Just doesn't seem like enough to me. September - October An epidemic of dengue fever strikes the island. Most of the RAF personnel came down with the disease, and several islanders died of it. It would be another seven years before aircraft were seen in the skies over Diego. The RAF Meterological Station is turned over to the colonial government of Mauritius, and is operated continuously until hours, August 2, Royal Marine Captain J.
Alan Thompson, a Scotsman, publishes the first of three semi-autobiographical, but mostly fictional, accounts of life on the island during World War II, "Only the Sun Remembers". He published the others in and He waded ashore and was surprised to discover French speaking inhabitants.
Six weeks after the wreck, he was given a ride to Mauritius on board a British Corvette. Here's what Bernard wrote about sailing in the southern seas: They eat your liver out and suck your marrow and brutalize you. I am going where you can tie up a boat where you want and the sun is free, and so is the air you breathe and the sea where you swim and you can roast yourself on a coral reef Enrollment is open to all.
However there were over children under the age of 12 on the island at the time, and the school had 30 desks and chairs. At the time, anyone over the age of 12 was required to work full time on the Plantation, and were not considered "children". An RAF survey crew arrives in a Sunderland flying boat and surveys Eclipse Point the northwest tip for a possible 6, foot airstrip. The Cattle Egret is introduced to Diego from the Seychelles in an attempt to control the fly and insect population of the island.
It quickly becomes a common sight and by it is a major pest on the airfield. When he goes home, he starts writing the book "Limuria: The Lesser Dependencies of Mauritius" about the place. He noted that chickens were so numerous that the going rate for a broiler was three English cigarettes. Morrow, a student of Daniel Merriman's interested in billfishes, as the ichthyologist.
Morrow worked as the unofficial curator of fishes at the Peabody from until Orian visits Diego Garcia and publishes his report on the coconut industry there in the Review of Mauritian Agriculture. The Chagos Agalega Company of the Seychells buys all the coconut plantations in the islands from the previous owners, the Societe Huiliere de Diego et Peros a Mauritian company financed by a French firm based in Paris.
Chagos Agalega stands for the Chagos archipelago of which Diego Garcia is the largest island and Agalega Island, which is part of the island nation of the Seychells. It might be significant that one of the members of the survey team was Mr. Vance Vaughn, who was from the U. Nebraska Avenue was the headquarters of Naval Security Group, the arm of the navy tasked with signals intelligence. More overtly, the team included two enlisted men who were tasked with setting up a radio unit for tests.
Young and Radioman Chief M. In payment for the detached islands, and to resettle the inhabitants, Mauritius was given 3 million pounds, and the Seychelles was given a new airport on Mahe.
Great Britain and the United States execute an "exchange of notes" making the island available for the defense needs of both countries for the next 50 years, with an option for 20 more. It empowered the Commissioner to acquire land compulsorily for a public purpose, notably and explicitly the defence purposes of the UK or Commonwealth or other foreign countries in agreement with the UK.
June - July Roe, conducts a thorough hydrographic survey of the lagoon and surrounding ocean. Jean Cole publishes her non-fiction account of her family's 11, mile journey from Mombassa to New Zealand with a stop at Diego Garcia. American geodesists and technicians, led by Kirby Crawford, operates a satellite triangulation station, with living quarters, just east of the East Point plantation for the US Department of Defense and the US Coast and Geodetic Survey. The team photographs balloon satellites along with stars in the background at night with a large astronomic camera.
They also observe a precise astronomic position by conventional survey methods and establish a precise triangulation network throughout the island. This was the first program to accurately measure the size and shape of the earth, which they found is not exactly round. But it isn't exactly flat either. She was painted white specifically for this peacetime deployment to an allied island. March through June, The SEABEES and the men of Underwater Demolition Team 12 remove underwater obstacles, install buoys, mark anchorages, clear jungle and set up a tent city, and began laying down an airfield.
The ships act as a self-sufficient home base for the troops ashore, as well as make numerous trips to the Philippines, Cocos, and Mauritius ferrying more men and equipment to the island through June, The same ship is spotted on 24 June, and again on 30 June.
This ship or one like her was spotted routinely through October Many thanks to Dan Urish, Island Commander, for the drawing and information. The fighters make several low, high speed passes over Reindeer Station, so fast that no one on the island can positively identify the nationality, generating years of reports of Russian MiGs spying on the SEABEES the Russians had no aircraft carriers or aerial refueling capability to get MiGs to DG from their nearest base in Berbera, Somalia, even if they wanted to.
The first runway on the island is completed, all 3, feet of it, four days ahead of schedule. Drawing generously donated by Dan Urish. Many thanks to Commander Urish for the photo. According to testimony the UK High Court in , the Governor of the Seychelles ordered the killing of about stray and abandoned dogs, which had taken over the east side of Diego Garcia as the population of Ilois shrank. According to the then-manager of the Plantation on Diego Garcia, they were shot, poisoned, and gassed using vehicle exhaust.
Navy personnel carried out the killings. Naval Weather Service Environmental Detachment NWSED is established in , assuming meteorological responsibilities from the Mauritius Meteorological Service under the provision that weather data from Diego Garcia be made available to their country. He stays two years! David Stoddart, and J.
Taylor publish the seminal collection of articles on Diego Garcia's geography and ecology in the Smithsonian Institute's Atoll Research Bulletin, volume For a copy in. It's huge - NMCB arrives to continue construction activities. A Taiwanese firm is given a contract to dredge the Main Channel and a ship Turning Basin within the lagoon.
This is the first regular police presence on the island since The British government gives the now-independent government of Mauritius , pounds to resettle the black Ilois. The Hindu-majority Mauritian government promptly makes the money disappear for several years and the Ilois who later change their name to 'Chagossians' are ghetto-ized into the worst slums of Port Louis. The squadron is equipped with A-6E Corsairs. Morris eventually orchestrates the Revolution which establishes the Provisional Peoples' Democratic Republic of Diego Garcia, and assumes the exalted position of President for Life, a title he holds until this day.
The Brits, swilling Courage Ale, defeated the devotees of Swan Lager by an unspecified, but impressive, score. The mission on the night of April is unsuccessful, but provides the first positive proof of the value of Diego Garcia's strategic position in defending American national interests.
This is the first of many floatillas of pre-positioned supply ships that ride at anchor in the lagoon. The ships sailed from Wilminton, Delaware to their new home in July Civilization returns to Diego Garcia. Barbara Shuping, the first U. Navy woman assigned to the island, arrives ending 11 years of male domination of the island. Not having learned its lesson, the British government gives the government of Hindu-majority Mauritius 4,, pounds for the black Ilois.
Again, the Ilois never see the money. One of the passengers was pulled down with the aircraft, the rest survived. It lasted seconds. Most island residents are drunk and learn of the event the next morning. The new pier and runway are completed. Here's a description of these facilities: Shoreline stabilization consists of a 1,foot, 1.
The project required the complete dredging of a new boat basin and ship channel. The dredged material was used to create a acre landfill upon which the back land facilities were built. The back land facilities included administration and maintenance buildings, complete fueling and POL facilities, and all other required utilities and port infrastructure. That area was later designation the "SAC Ramp" and used by bombers and tankers, rather than airlift aircraft.
The crew was met with truckloads of "letters to any sailor" sent through Operation Dear Abby. This was the first time a west-coast ported carrier had performed such operations. The construction projects contracted to RBRM end, completing the major constuction activities on the island. The site can track an object the size of a basketball 25, miles up and determine it's altitude to within six feet.
In June, he completes the book "Peak of Limuria" about the history and natural wonders of Diego Garcia. He also designs the B. The Republic of Iraq invades the State of Kuwait. They carried everything required for 16, men of the 7th Marine Expeditionary Brigade, who flew in and married up with their equipment. This was the first use of the MPS in an actual crisis. BG, tail number , from 42nd Bomb Wing, Loring AFB, under command of the d Bomb Wing Provisional , experiences a catastrophic electrical system failure while returning from a bombing mission.
At least five of its eight engines flame out, and the aircraft crashes into the Indian Ocean miles north of the island. The aircrew ejects at a low altitude between 1, and feet above the water , and although three crewmembers eject safely, three others, Captain Jeffry J. Olson, First Lieutenant Jorge I. Arteaga, and First Lieutenant Eric D. Heeden, are killed on impact or drowned. Target species are tuna yellowfin, bigeye and skipjack and billfish marlin and swordfish.
The largest fleets operating in the region at the time and fishing out the entire area are French and Spanish purse seiners and Taiwanese and Japanese longliners. You knew it would have something to do with the French. There are initially only 80 accounts, and no one has a clue how to use it. The award is given by the Commander Naval Supply Systems Command to the activity that makes t he most significant contributions to Navy fuel operations and the fleet support mission during the preceding calendar year.
For this accomplishment, they receive the Mackay Trophy for the "most meritorious flight of the year". The warmest 'El Nino' weather pattern of record occurs, raising ocean temperatures around the island degrees. Ninety percent of the coral reef dies. Scientific Research expedition to Diego Garcia and the other atolls in the Chagos by Charles Sheppard world-renowned reef scientist and editor of the essential scientific work about DG "The Ecology of the Chagos Archipelago" published in and John Topp former Brit Rep and botanist.
Sir Sidney Kentridge, British Trial Lawyer, brings suit against the British Government in London's High Court on behalf of the islanders removed in the early s claiming the removal was illegal. The hearing lasts five days. London's High Court rules that the removal of the islanders in the early s was illegal. Rear Admiral Robert C. Chaplin, the commander of U. Naval Forces Japan, which commands the Naval base at Diego Garcia, issues regulations prohibiting the wear of flip-flops, tank tops, halter tops, oversized shirts, tank tops and jogging suits, with exceptions for swimming or sports.
Just exactly what everyone on Diego Garcia wears off-duty. Sadly, Admiral Chaplin was to learn that there are more important things to worry about just a month and seven days later. The British government designates the lagoon and east arm of the atoll as a 'Ramsar Site' conservation of wetlands , because it is 'a particularly good example of a relatively unpolluted coral reef system in a near-natural state, of special value for maintaining the genetic and ecological diversity of the region, especially its marine life.
It provides habitat for marine flora and fauna at critical stages of their biological cycles, including the threatened Hawksbill and Green Turtles, and regularly supports 20, or more waterbirds, including Greater frigate, Red-footed boobies, brown and lesser noddies, amongst others. Three days after the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington D.
This includes review of web sites to remove installation photographs, ship locations, etc. The Commander of Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia, Captain Mike Lucarelli, contacts the webmaster of this site to request that be done, and I complied until the campaign in Afghanistan was complete. For the next 76 days, four B-1 and five B sorties are flown each day, dropping over 11, bombs.
A flight of three B-2s, led by Major Melvin Deaile, lands on Diego after completing the longest bombing mission in history - 44 hours - from Whiteman AFB in Missouri to targets in Afghanistan followed by a recovery at Diego. Each aircraft dropped 16 2,pound GPS guided bombs on Taliban positions.
Upon reaching Diego the crews left the engines running, and prepositioned crews took over and flew the airplanes home to Missouri, a 30 hour flight. From October 8 - 11, a total of 12 B-2 missions are flown. At the time there was 'at least' one such couple fighting the war together, with others en route.
This decision ensures the long standing policy that love between husband and wife will not be tolerated on Dodge, and only adulterous sex is conducted on the island.
The Japanese government agrees to provide fuel and food to Diego Garcia by sea lift, in support of the war on terrorism. They stay for three months. They are replaced by No. Not one Taliban jet fighter makes it through their Combat Air Patrols. They are presented with an American Flag that was flown on a combat mission over Afghanistan on November Mcnamara, New Hampshire Avenue, N. Schlesinger; 26th Street N. Newsom, Great Meadow Dr.
The suit is expected to take years, or even decades, to conclude. Not one Al Qaida submarine gets through their patrols. Charles Sheppard leads another biological expedition to Deigo and the rest of the islands. This was the 2nd collision for the sub, which sank a Japanese Fishing School vessel off Oahu in February She also ran aground at Saipan in August Australian Artist Peter Churcher spends two weeks painting scenes and portraits on the island.
This picture is called "'Macka' sleepin in tent, Diego Garcia" painted in oil on board in Please see the Australian War Memorial's website on Churcher's paintings. Two portable climate-controlled shelters for B-2 bombers are erected on the parking apron by American Spaceframe Fabricators.
An earthquake measuring 4. As usual, island residents are mostly passed out drunk that time of night, and miss the excitement. On board the ship were 15 Scud missiles and warheads en route to Yemen from North Korea.
The missiles and warheads, along with a quantity of chemicals, were found hidden under a cargo of cement, and the ship was handed over to the US Navy, which reportedly escorted the SO SAN to Diego Garcia.
She previously had been anchored in the lagoon since February 3. Two additional B-2 shelters are constructed following the completion of suitable concrete foundations. Captain Fatty Goodlander the "Salt Stained Sea Gypsy" - noted yachtsman and author and his wife Carolyn drop the anchor of the 38 foot yacht WILD CARD at Beddam Island in the Chagos, revel in the pristine, uninhabited not by choice environment, live off the land and sea, and bitch about the bombers flying overhead on their way to Iraq.
I guess it's nice to afford a boat and have no responsibilities for the problems of the world. Is Goodlander a French name? The lizard reportedly eats insects, and spread of the lizard may result in the wholesale decimation of biting flies, stinging beetles, mosquitos, and other valuable six-legged species.
The project took two years to build. September 7 - 21 The British High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Division, rules that the Chagossians had been compensated adequately for their expulsion in , and denied additional compensation.
The seismic sensors rest on a central pier, which is directly attached to the coral that underlies the vault so that the instruments can best record the shaking caused as seismic waves travel through the earth. They also threaten a "peoples' invasion" of the Chagos archipelago. Lalit means "The Fight".
According to a Jan 11, story, the British government "has always denied allowing the Americans to use British soil for torture and abuse, but He was asked in May where the thousands of ghost prisoners were being held.
US Air Force personnel, force to live in the tent city that comprises Camp Justice, hope that MP Brake's attention will get the place shut down soon, "so we can live in trailers or something," a resident who requested his name be withheld has said. Based on a feasibility study carried out in that found that life on the outer islands would be "precarious" and would need "costly" support from the government, which it is not prepared to give, the British Goverment issues Orders in Council which state that Chagossians may not permanently return to the Chagos.
Robert Jones, 45, and Terence Dwight, 57, were on a trip to bring a new foot yacht back to the UK when trouble hit the first leg of the journey between Darwin and Mauritius. They activated the emergency beacons when their yacht lost its rudder in heavy seas and started taking in water. The yacht was abandoned after the rescue.
Facilities and operations were not affected. To the east lies the Chagos Trench, a mile long, underwater canyon that ranges in depth from less than 1,00 meters below the surface to depths that plunge to over 5, meters. It is one of the deepest regions of the Indian Ocean.
The Spanish Flu of killed more than 22 million people worldwide. The Hong Kong flu killed more than 70, Americans in the late s. In the early s, a new viral disease surfaced that still plagues us today: In the late s, a lethal, fast-killing virus appeared called ebola.
Like AIDS, there is still no cure for ebola. It makes thousands of copies of itself and in the process, damages or destroys the host cells. All this cellular debris and loose viral particles signal the immune system to fight back. White blood cells zoom to the infected scene, releasing chemical toxins, fever stimulators and other agents built to fight invading viruses.
As a consequence, symptoms including pain, redness, swelling, heat, fever, and rash often result. Viruses are stubborn and sneaky and possess a keen sense of survival. Viruses also use mutation altering their identity resulting in a delayed response by the immune system. They can also cause suppression of the immune system: Not all viruses are covered here yet but most of the antiviral natural remedies listed here may help to prevent and treat most types of viruses.
To relieve the itching add a half a tablespoon to a cup of water and use a soft wash cloth to dab onto affected areas and allow to dry. Alternatively add a few tablespoons to warm bath water and soak in it before gently patting the skin dry.
Chamomile, lavender, marigold and sandalwood essential oils: Adding a few drops of any of these oils to a bath of lukewarm water then soaking for 10 to 15 minutes can relieve itching. Honey can help to heal blisters and relieve itching. Choose a local pure honey and spread onto affected area two or three times a day fo ten minutes before soaking in a cool bath with a tablespoon of sea salt added to it.
These can be crushed and added to bath water or made into a paste and applied to the affected area. Neem leaves has antiviral properties and helps blisters to dry out and stops itching. Grind a cup of oatmeal into a fine powder and pour into a bath of lukewarm water and soak for 10 to 15 minutes.
Add half a cupful to a bath of lukewarm water and soak for 10 to 15 minutes. This will help to relieve itching and prevent scars. This may lead to septicaemia and symptoms include sudden high fever with chills, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, shortness of breath and a rapid heart rate. Septicaemia needs immediate emergency hospital treatment. Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is an infection of a nerve and the skin around it that is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox and can reoccur many times throughout life.
The chicken pox virus remains dormant in the body and can erupt in later life causing painful shingles blisters anywhere on the body although usually on the trunk. Coxsackievirus polio virus, echovirus, hepatitis A. A virus that belongs to a family of non enveloped, linear, positive-sense RNA viruses, Picornaviridae and the genus Enterovirus. They are part of the enterovirus family of viruses which also includes polioviruses, echovirus and hepatitis A that live in the human digestive tract.
They can spread from person to person, usually on unwashed hands and surfaces contaminated by faeces, where they can live for several days. In cooler climates, outbreaks of coxsackievirus infections most often occur in the summer and autumn, though they cause infections year-round in tropical parts of the world. In most cases, coxsackieviruses cause mild flu-like symptoms and go away without treatment.
But in some cases, they can lead to more serious infections. Some infected people may show no symptoms at all whilst others may develop a sudden high fever, headache and muscle aches, sore throat, abdominal discomfort or nausea.
Hand, foot and mouth disease ; a type of coxsackievirus syndrome that causes painful red blisters in the throat and on the tongue, gums, hard palate, inside of the cheeks, the palms of hands and soles of the feet. Herpangina , an infection of the throat which causes red-ringed blisters and ulcers on the tonsils and soft palate, the fleshy back portion of the roof of the mouth.
Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ; is an infection that affects the whites of the eyes. Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis usually begins as eye pain, followed quickly by red, watery eyes with swelling, light sensitivity and blurred vision. Occasionally, coxsackieviruses can cause more serious infections that requires immediate medical attention, including:.
Myocarditis, an infection of the heart muscle. Viral meningitis, an infection of the meninges the three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.
Newborns can be infected from their mothers during or shortly after birth and are more at risk for developing serious infection, including myocarditis, hepatitis, and meningoencephalitis an inflammation of the brain and meninges. In newborns, symptoms can develop within two weeks after birth. The anthraquinones in Chinese rhubarb root can create virucidal activity against polio. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus CCHFV is a severe tick-borne disease that kills people across the world and has been doing so since around and B.
The Ebola and Marburg viruses are the only members of a newly identified family of single-stranded, unsegmented RNA viruses, the filoviridae. This family is closely related to the rhabdoviridae, which includes the rabies virus, and the paramyxoviridae. Viruses in this latter family cause childhood diseases such as measles. Filoviruses infect humans and other primates. Ebola haemorrhagic fever outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests.
The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus.
Ebola first appeared in in two simultaneous outbreaks, in Nzara, Sudan, and in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter was in a village situated near the Ebola River, from which the disease takes its name. The Ebola virus is comprised of five distinct species: Bundibugyo, Sudan and Zaire species have been associated with large Ebola haemorrhagic fever outbreaks in Africa, while the Ivory Coast and Reston species have not The Ebola Reston species, found in the Philippines, can infect humans, but no illness or death in humans has been reported to date.
Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. In Africa, infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found dead or ill in the rainforest. Later Ebola spreads in the community through human-to-human transmission, resulting from close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people.
Burial ceremonies where mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola. Transmission via infected semen can occur up to seven weeks after clinical recovery. Little is known of the molecular biology of these viruses or the mechanisms by which they cause disease. Sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat.
This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. The incubation period interval from infection to onset of symptoms varies between 2 to 21 days. The seeds of the African bitter kola tree have properties that can kill the ebola virus.
EBV is responsible for infectious mononucleosis IM. The virus has an affinity for the B-lymphocytes of the immune system. Epstein-Barr virus EBV belongs to the herpes family of viruses. Transmission of the virus is almost impossible to prevent but, fortunately, the Epstein Barr virus and infectious mononucleosis caused by the Epstein Barr virus and are almost never fatal.
The symptoms of infectious mononucleosis usually resolve themselves within months. However, once a person is infected, it establishes a lifelong infection which can cause recurrent episodes of mononucleosis symptoms later in life.
After the primary infection, EBV remains within the host for life and is intermittently shed from the oropharynx mouth and throat. Therefore a person might be shedding the virus and passing it to someone else without realizing it or being symptomatic themselves. Because it is shed from the oropharynx, it may be passed via kissing or other contact with saliva. EBV can also be spread via the transfusion of blood products. Fever is a common symptom of many ailments; it is also present in infectious mononucleosis caused by the Epstein Barr virus.
Chronic fatigue syndrome is an illness characterised by severe to debilitating fatigue that impairs daily function and is often made worse by exertion, exercise and other stresses.
It may be accompanied by enlarged, painful lymph nodes, sore throat, headache, painful joints, abdominal pain, muscle pain, low-grade fever and cognitive difficulty, especially difficulty concentrating and sleeping. Swelling in the lymph glands. It is common for those infected by the Epstein-Barr virus to have intestinal parasites and candida.
When this is the case intestinal and bowel disorders can be present too. Prevention of Epstein Barr virus is difficult, because so many adults are already infected with the virus which is spread through contact with the saliva of an infected person. Since a very large percentage of adults are already infected with the dormant virus, no specific prevention procedures are available. Epstein Barr Virus establishes a lifelong dormant infection in some cells of the body's immune system.
EBV is associated with other, potentially life-threatening diseases though including lymphomas and autoimmune diseases. Hodgkins disease and non-Hodgkins lymphoma are malignant processes whereby cancer cells arising from the immune and lymphatic systems proliferate beyond normal levels. Two rare cancers have emerged among some carriers of Epstein Barr Virus.
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma and Burkitt's lymphoma. These cancers are rare and may not be caused solely by Epstein Barr Virus. Although rarely seen, other complications involving the central nervous system and heart problems may also occur. Natural treatments for Epstein Barr virus infection. Eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables while avoiding sugar, alcohol and coffee will help to support the immune system.
Adequate rest and sleep are also important. Stress, whether physiological or emotional, takes its toll on the immune function, so any measures that can reduce or help manage stress are important.
Balancing the intestinal flora is vital in the fight against this virus as this will boost the body's immune system which can then inhibit the replication of this virus naturally. Add extra fibre and prebiotic and probiotic foods daily.
Prebiotic and probiotic foods. Concentrated Chaparral leaf resin has been shown to have significant anti-viral and antioxidant activity especially against the Epstein Barr virus. Two active natural ingredients inhibit the genes responsible for the replication of the virus.
Colloidal silver has shown to be an effective natural remedy against the Epstein-Barr virus. Olive leaf extract has shown to be a useful natural remedy against the Epstein-Barr virus.
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver. The incubation period of hepatitis A is about 30 days and is a self-limiting infection. Acute symptoms are usually mild to moderate. It is spread by faecal-oral contamination and close personal contact.
The incubation period of hepatitis B is approximately 90 days. The severity of the chronic symptoms range from moderate to severe. It is commonly transferred through blood the virus can live up to two weeks outside of the body , blood products, sexual intercourse or close personal contact.
About 10 percent of those infected are carriers with no symptoms. About five to 10 percent of those infected suffer from chronic hepatitis development. Globally, in , two billion individuals have been infected with HBV, which is responsible for nearly , deaths each year. The incubation period of hepatitis C is days. The symptoms are moderate to severe and become chronic in more than 50 percent of those infected.
It is transmitted the same way as hepatitis B. Infected persons may not show symptoms. Hepatitis D only occurs along with hepatitis B co-infection and has an incubation period of days and the symptoms range from moderate to severe. Because it is linked to hepatitis B, it can become chronic.
See hepatitis B for transmission. Unfortunately there is no known cure for hepatitis infections. There are herbs and foods that can help the body slow down replication of the virus, reduce the symptoms and help heal the liver.
Supporting the immune system is the best way to make sure the virus is kept in check. Vitamin D helps maintain a healthy immune system and there is evidence of its role in inflammatory and metabolic liver disease, including infection with hepatitis C virus HCV and hepatitus B HBV.
Foods rich in vitamin D are: For natural foods that support the liver see the Liver page. It is advisable to cut out alcohol, smoking, drugs and animal fats whilst suffering from hepatitis to enable the liver to heal itself. The Type I virus is the same one that causes cold sores on the mouth, face and lips, although it can also cause sores on the genitals and buttocks. The Type II virus, however, most often causes sores on the genitals. Herpes can also spread to the genitals from a cold sore on the lips if hand washing and other hygiene precautions are not taken.
Or it can be spread though oral or genital sexual contact. The virus does not have to be in an active state that is, blisters do not have to be present, for a partner to become infected.
The virus can also be passed during the pre-active state, when there is itching or tingling in the area where the sores generally appear. Sometimes, the virus can be passed along before the infected person is even aware that the virus is present.
What's more, saliva also carries the virus. The first episode usually starts within a couple weeks of exposure, and the initial onset can be pretty bad, including an initial round and then a second round of painful sores, flu like symptoms, fever and swollen glands. Sometimes the symptoms are mild, however, and appear as little more than insect bites or a rash.
Herpes spends most of its life dormant. But, like cold sores, genital herpes can recur, often up to four or five times a year. It has been found in studies that women, that become infected with the herpes virus in early pregnancy, are more likely to have a child with autism especially if it is a male.
Latest studies have shown that the herpes simplex virus Type I HSV-1 may be responsible for Alzheimer's disease in some individuals. Always take care to clean the shower or bath if it is shared with someone who doesn't have the virus and never share towels. Following a shower or bath, make sure to dry the affected area thoroughly, as moisture prolongs symptomatic sores. Patting with bicarbonate of soda after a bath will help to dry up sores quickly and helps to kill off the active herpes virus.
Consumption of yeast products, mushrooms and steroid medications or eye drops can cause recurrences of herpes attacks.
Cold sores herpes simplex virus type 1. Also called fever blisters, are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1, which is usually acquired in childhood through contact with infected saliva. The type 1 virus is believed to lie dormant in certain nerve cells of the body until it is activated by stress, anxiety, a cold or excessive exposure to the sun.
It causes sores on the external lip or near the mouth or nose that last anywhere from seven to 14 days. Always use new toothbrush after the blister has formed and again after the attack has cleared up. Toothbrushes can harbour the virus. Cold sores are extremely contagious, avoid kissing and sharing cups, towels or other such items. Wash hands frequently, especially after touching the cold sore. And take care not to touch eyes or genitals immediately after touching the sore. Keep a hand sanitizer with you when out in case a bathroom is unavailable.
Attempting to camouflage a cold sore with makeup often aggravates the problem, as the chemicals in makeup can make the sore worse. Sharing lipstick or makeup can pass the virus to others.
Herpes zoster shingles virus and the herpes simplex virus type I cold sores and type II genital herpes can also affect the eyes. Usually it affects the cornea and can be quite painful but it can affect other parts of the eye such as the retina and cause a macular oedema to develop. Treatment is usually steroid eye drops but a healthy immune system from a balanced diet can reduce the severity of the infection.
It is important to never touch the eyes after touching sores from an attack of herpes anywhere else on the body. Natural external remedies for herpes. Adding aloe vera gel, apple cider vinegar, bicarbonate of soda, Epsom salts or tea tree oil to a warm bath and soaking in it for minutes once a day can help to heal the sores more quickly.
Always take care to clean the shower or bath if it is shared with anyone and never share towels to avoid transmitting the virus to them. Patting with bicarbonate of soda after a bath will help to dry up sores quickly and helps to kill off the active virus. Glycyrrhizic acid, an ingredient in liquorice root , kills the cold sore virus cells. Dab some of the powdered liquorice root on the sore then use petroleum jelly for instant relief. Apply a herbal paste made with liquorice root and rice.
Covering a cold sore with petroleum jelly will speed healing and help protect it from secondary infection with bacteria. Soak a cotton ball in milk and apply it to the sore to relieve pain. If this is done as soon as the tingling is felt before the cold sore surfaces, it can help speed the healing right from the beginning.
Ice held on to the cold sore just as it is appearing can reduce the time it takes to heal. But do not use for too long or too often. Using a cotton ball, pat bicarbonate of soda on the sores to dry them out and decrease itching.
Be careful not to contaminate the bicarbonate of soda so that someone else can catch the virus from it. Placing a cold, wet black tea bag directly to the sores has been known as an alternative treatment to flare-ups. Fill a plastic bag with crushed ice, wrapping the bag in material the thickness of a sheet. Apply for 10 or 15 minutes and repeat several times a day. Make sure and discard any plastic bags after one use. As a precaution, take care with the amount of time applied, because prolonged exposure to ice can cause tissue damage.
Natural internal remedies for herpes. Follow the blue links to find out the highest natural food sources of the following nutrients or more information about each remedy..
Natural foods rich in bioflavonoids consumed three times a day at least, will help treat and can prevent herpes blisters and cold sores. Natural foods rich in vitamin C consumed three times a day at least, will help treat and can prevent herpes blisters and cold sores.
When consuming extra vitamin C-rich foods, it is important to balance with the same amount of vitamin E-rich foods as they have an opposite effect upon iron, manganese and zinc levels in the body. Vitamin E will also help to heal the skin faster and prevent scarring. Natural foods rich in lysine are known to inhibit attacks of herpes. Natural fungicidal foods are also antiviral and can clear up herpes infections.
Try making a concoction with any of these ingredients and take daily at the start of the next active herpes outbreak. Also cut out sugar at the same time and take daily tea tree oil and aloe vera gel baths then pat the sores with bicarbonate of soda powder. Peppermint tea can help with the pain caused by herpes blisters.
Drink three times a day. Many herbs and spices have antiviral properties which can keep virus infections in check. Visit the Medicinal Herbs and Spices page for more information. Human papilloma virus HPV. This is the most common sexually transmitted infections. There are more than 40 types of HPV that can infect the genital areas of males and females. These HPV types can also infect the mouth and throat. They can cause serious health problems, including genital warts and cancer of the penis, vulva, vagina, anus, mouth and throat.
There is no certain way to tell who will develop health problems from HPV and who will not. In most cases it goes away by itself before it causes any health problems and most people who become infected do not even know they have it. Both viruses can be passed on during sex, but they have different symptoms and cause different health problems. The incubation time time from exposure to appearance of warts may range from a few weeks to many months or years.
Some people harbor the virus and transmit it to others without ever developing the growths themselves. There can be long-term health effects of HPV for women, certain strains unrelated to genital warts are associated with Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia CIN , also known as cervical dysplasia abnormal cell growth on the cervix. Unchecked and untreated it can progress, possibly to cancer; or, it can heal on its own. The more severe the dysplasia, the more likely it is to progress to cancer.
Mild dysplasia may resolve on its own, without any treatment. One way to lower the risk of contracting HPV is to never engage in unprotected sex but this is not always safe as sometimes the virus can be present on the skin in places other than the genitals. A monogamous partnership with someone who has been tested and is negative is possibly the only way to remain free of the virus.
There are also vaccines now available to prevent the contraction. A healthy balanced diet will keep the immune system strong which can also fight off the virus before it can cause warts and further damage. Usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower.
They can appear within weeks or months after sexual contact with an infected partner even if the infected partner has no signs of genital warts. If left untreated, they might go away, remain unchanged, or increase in size or number.
The types of HPV that can cause genital warts are not the same as the types that cause cancers. Genital warts can be treated successfully with a tincture or paste made of bloodroot or comfrey. Cervical cancer usually does not cause symptoms until it is quite advanced. For this reason, it is important for women to get regular screening for cervical cancer. Screening tests can find early signs of disease so that problems can be treated early, before they ever turn into cancer.
Other cancers caused by HPV might not have signs or symptoms until they are advanced and hard to treat. Other HPV-associated cancers include the vulva, vagina, penis, anus and oropharynx.
RRP is a condition in which warts grow in the throat. RRP can occur in children juvenile-onset and adults adult-onset. These growths can sometimes block the airway, causing a hoarse voice or trouble breathing.
In most cases the virus goes away and it does not lead to any health problems. However, when the virus persists it can cause normal cells to become abnormal and, most of the time, these changes cannot be seen or felt. Warts can appear within months after getting HPV. Cancer often takes years, even decades, to develop after a person gets HPV. There is no certain way to know which people infected with HPV will go on to develop cancer or other health problems.
However, persons with weak immune systems including persons with HIV may be less able to fight it off and are more likely to develop health problems from it.
The phytonutrients found in rocket are useful in the treatment of recurring respiratory papillomatosis caused by the Human Papilloma Virus. Gently rough up the outer surface of the wart with an emery board then place the inside of the banana skin over the wart and bandage.
This should remove the wart after a few hours. Soak a cotton ball in apple cider vinegar and apply to the wart using duct tape or medical tape. Leave on over night.
Because apple cider vinegar is very acidic, it may irritate the skin surrounding the wart. If it becomes too irritating, try apply every other night. This remedy may also take some time but there should be results after the first week or so.
Rub freshly cut raw white potatoes on the warts several times a day. This should show results after two weeks. Drinking aloe vera juice can improve the activity of the immune system, helping the body fight off the virus that causes warts. Also, apply the juice directly from the leaves of the plant to the wart is an effective treatment. Duct Tape Occlusion Therapy is a natural wart remedy that is quite often recommended by medical doctors. The remedy involves placing a piece of duct tape over the wart for several days or weeks.
If the piece of tape should fall off, replace it with a fresh piece or tape. Some of the wart may come off with the tape, but the dead cells can be removed with a pumice stone or emery board if necessary. This is a highly effective natural wart remedy. Rub castor oil on the warts every day for several months. Take one fig leaf and apply the milk or sap from the leaf to the affected areas.
Do this twice daily until the wart disappears. Since warts are caused by a viral infection, boosting the body's immune system is one of the most effective methods of preventing and treating warts.
Consuming foods high in vitamin C can keep the immune system in good working order. Some people have also found it helpful to apply vitamin C directly to the wart as a topical treatment. Also be sure to drink plenty of bottled mineral water and get sufficient rest. It is estimated that 34 million people worldwide have been infected by the HIV virus. The majority of people infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body.
This illness, known as primary or acute HIV infection, may last for a few weeks. The symptoms of HIV usually happen within one or two months of infection but, in some cases, they may not manifest themselves for up to a decade after infection. It is the primary stage of infection and lasts until the body has created antibodies against HIV. During this stage of infection, the virus is duplicating at a rapid rate.
Unlike other viruses, the body's immune system is unable to fight off HIV, and the infection can live in cells for long periods of time. Over time, the virus attacks and destroys immune cells, leaving the immune system unable to fight off other diseases and infections.
Because of its similar symptoms, HIV is easily confused with colds or influenza and in some cases can even be mistaken for syphilis or hepatitis. It is important to be tested for AIDS by a health practitioner if the following symptoms appear as early treatment is important.
In some people, HIV infection will create no symptoms at all until the damage to the immune system has progressed which is why it is important to be regularly tested if HIV infection may have been contracted through unprotected intercourse or blood contact. Early signs and symptoms of HIV infection. Fever is one of the first indicators is often accompanied by sore throat, swollen lymph nodes or weakness. Swollen lymph glands, muscles aches and joint pain. The lymph glands are mostly situated in the groin, armpits or neck and become activated when there is infection in the body.
Sore throat and headache. Sore throats and headaches can appear before the body has produced HIV antibodies. It takes a few weeks or even a few months for the antibodies to show in a test. A test can be done that can detect viral RNA about nine days after infection. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Dry cough and shortness of breath. A persistent dry cough can be easily be mistaken as an allergy but can often be an early sign of infection. An insidious cough that goes on for weeks is usually present in patients with advanced HIV infection.
As the body system is wasted by the infection, it generates an inflammatory response, which cause exhaustion. This can be both an early or later sign of HIV. Skin rash or mouth and genital ulcers. One of the main indicators of the infection appear to be changes in the nails.
Thickening or bending of the nails or staining dark lines are often visible. This is usually because of candida infections or other contagious diseases and is cause by a depleted immune system. Although the symptoms of primary HIV infection may be mild enough to go unnoticed, the amount of virus in the blood stream viral load is particularly high at this time. As a result, HIV infection spreads more efficiently during primary infection than during the next stage of infection.
In some people, persistent swelling of lymph nodes occurs during clinical latent HIV. Otherwise, there are no specific signs and symptoms.
HIV remains in the body, however, as free virus and in infected white blood cells. Clinical latent infection typically lasts eight to 10 years. A few people stay in this stage even longer, but others progress to more-severe disease much sooner.
By the time AIDS develops, the immune system has been severely damaged, making the infected person susceptible to opportunistic infections that would not trouble a person with a healthy immune system. Later signs and symptoms of HIV infection. Blurred and distorted vision and floaters. Cytomegalovirus CMV retinitis is a virus belonging to the herpes family and is a sight-threatening disease frequently associated with HIV infection. It occurs because the compromised immune system cannot cope with this virus which affects the eyes.
When CMV invades the retina, it begins to compromise the light-sensitive receptors that enable a person to see. This does not cause any pain, but floaters or small specks may appear and there will be reduced visual acuity blurred vision or decreased peripheral vision. Light flashes and sudden vision loss also can occur. The disease usually starts in one eye but often involves both eyes. If left untreated, CMV retinitis can cause a detached retina and blindness in just two to six months.
Unexplained weight loss can be a later sign of infection and it could range from little to extreme. The loss in weight might indicate a secondary infection such as toxoplasmosis, a parasitic illness that can influence the mind; a herpes called cytomegalovirus and simple yeast infections such as thrush.
Thrush a mouth yeast infection can appear in the later stages, but yeast infections in other parts of the body can appear too. It is a common fungus that makes it difficult to swallow because it resides in the oesophagus.
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